FoodProduction101

How to plant peas

March 29, 2012 by  
Filed under Blog, Peas

Thursday 3-29-2012

Type of pea?

I am planting a snow pea. I like snow peas because if you pick them at the right time, you can eat the whole pea, pod included. This saves time from having to remove peas from the hull to eat. They also have nice sweet taste to them. Peas are also legumes that are nitrogen fixing plants, so they are great for helping the fertility in your soil. I like to plant peas in an area where the previous season was occupied by a plant that was a greedy feeder of fertility.

 

Tools & materials needed?

A metal rake and a pointed hoe to get the seed planted, and a posthole driver with post, plastic fencing and 6” zip ties for the support trellis.

 

Soil type for snow peas?

Snow peas will grow in most soils, but they do not like acid soil. If needed, add lime when adding compost to the plot where peas will grow at least a month in advance.

 

Companions for peas?

Corn, potatoes, radishes, turnips, cucumbers, carrots, tomatoes and beans, and tomatoes, eggplant, lettuce and spinach all make good companions for peas. Make sure they fit with your crop rotation schedule.

 

Timing?

Snow peas like the cool weather, so plant them as early in the spring as the weather allows. You can also replant snow peas in the late summer for a fall crop.

 

Depth?

The pea seed is relatively big, so you will want a depth of about 1.5 inches.

 

Spacing?

Plant the peas about 3 inches apart, but once the plants get to be about 6 inches tall, you will want to thin them out to about 6 inches apart. This does not need to be exact.

How to plant the seed?

1. I mulch my garden, so I first rake the mulch away from the area I am going to plant.

 

2. I make a 1½ inch trench along my irrigation line with my pointed hoe.

 

3. I drop the seed in the trench 3 inches apart.

 

4. I gently rake only the soil back over the trench with the back of the metal rake.

 

5. I lightly tamp the area with the back of the rake to connect the seed to the soil.

 

6. I rake the mulch back over to suppress the weeds. Pea seeds are pretty strong, so I am not worried about the seed being buried by ¾ of an inch of mulch.

 

7. Water your seeds in. Make sure to keep the soil moist until germination.

 

Building support?

Peas are vines that need to be supported. The snow pea variety I am planting will grow about 30” tall, so I took some old posts I had lying around, and some leftover fencing, and made a nice trellis for my peas.

 

1. I spaced my posts about 5’ feet apart an inch or so in front of where I planted my peas, pushing them in enough by hand to hold them up.

2. I took my posthole driver to get the posts solidly in the ground.

 

3. I attached my fence by putting zip ties through the fence and the pre-made holes that were in the posts.

 

4. Finally, I trimmed the zip ties to make it look nice.

 

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